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OEKO-TEX Standard 100

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OEKO-TEX Standard 100

The OEKO-TEX Standard 100 is an independent testing and certification system to protect against harmful substances in raw materials, as well as intermediate or final products at all stages of production.

Standard 100 testing can be done on either individual components (including textiles and latex) or on finished products.  In practice, the OEKO-TEX Standard 100 logo usually means that a specific mattress model contains at least some material (most often fiber, fabric or latex) that has been tested for harmful substances and certified according to Standard 100.  OEKO-TEX Standard 100 certification is NOT an indication of natural or organic status, nor does it address environmentally or socially responsible production (as does OEKO-TEX Standard 1000).

OEKO-TEX testing for harmful substances includes illegal substances, legally regulated substances, known harmful (but not legally regulated) chemicals, and parameters for health care.  For certification of a finished mattress, Standard 100 requires that all components of a mattress comply with the required criteria without exception -- that includes outer material, sewing threads, linings, prints, and non-textile accessories (eg, buttons, zip fasteners, rivets and the like).

Standard 100 testing always focuses on the actual use of the textile. The more intensive the skin contact of a product, the stricter the human ecological requirements to be met.  Accordingly there are four product classes:

  • Class I:  Textile items for babies and toddlers up to 3 years (eg, clothing, toys, bed linen, terry cloth items etc.)
  • Class II:  Textiles used close to the skin (eg, underwear, bed linen, T-shirts etc.)
  • Class III:  Textiles used away from the skin (eg, jackets, coats etc.)
  • Class IV:  Furnishing materials (eg, curtains, table cloths, upholstery materials etc.)

The OEKO-TEX test and certification system is centrally issued by the International Association for Research and Testing in the Field of Textile Ecology, headquartered in Switzerland.  Its members are independent and accredited facilities for textile testing and research in Europe and Japan.

Q&A OEKO-TEX Standard 100

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